Analysis of possible causes of activation of gastric and the pancreatic excretory and incretory function after completion of space flight at the international space station
Afonin, B. V. (2013). "Analysis of possible causes of activation of gastric and the pancreatic excretory and incretory function after completion of space flight at the international space station." Human Physiology 39 5: 504-510
A comparative analysis of the excretory and incretory activity of the stomach and pancreas in astronauts soon after completion of space flights of various durations was performed. An increase in the fasting activity of gastric and pancreatic enzymes and hormones (insulin and C-peptide) in blood, reflecting the increased excretory and incretory activity of organs of the gastroduodenal region developing in microgravity, was demonstrated. The absence of subjects infected with Helicobacter pylori in the space flight crew excluded the involvement of this microorganism in the mechanism underlying the increase in the gastric secretory activity. The absence of correlation between the increase in the secretory activity of organs of the gastroduodenal region and the duration of the space flight allowed us to rule out the hypokinetic mechanism, which is associated with the duration of exposure to microgravity. It was concluded that the main mechanism underlying the changes in the functional state of the digestive system in space flight may be determined by the rearrangement of the venous hemodynamics of organs of the abdominal cavity, unrelated to the duration of exposure to microgravity. It was shown that, after completion of space flights and in ground-based experiments simulating the hemodynamic rearrangement occurring in microgravity, the increase in the basal excretory activity of gastroduodenal organs was not caused by gastrin secretion and occurred simultaneously with an increase in the secretion of insulin, which is considered as a putative hormonal component of the hemodynamic mechanism.