Computational modeling for the optimization of a cardiogenic 3D bioprocess of encapsulated embryonic stem cells
Consolo, F., et al. (2012). "Computational modeling for the optimization of a cardiogenic 3D bioprocess of encapsulated embryonic stem cells." Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology 11 1-2: 261-277
We present a computational fluid dynamics (CFD)-based model aimed at the identification of optimized culture conditions promoting efficient cardiogenesis of hydrogel-bead-encapsulated embryonic stem cells (ESCs) within a rotating bioreactor. The numerical approach, integrating diffusion, convection, and multiphase fluid dynamics calculations, allowed to evaluate (i) the microgravity motion of the floating beads, (ii) the O-2 delivery to the cells, also (iii) taking into account the cellularO(2) consumption, as a function of different rotation speeds of the breeding chamber. According to our results, a 25rpm rotation (i) enhances an adequate mixing of the cell carriers, avoiding sedimentation and excessive packing, also maintaining a quite homogeneous distribution of the suspended beads and (ii) imparts a proper cellular O-2 supply, providing cells close to a normoxia condition. The bioreactor working conditions derived from the numerical analysis allowed the attainment of in vitro long-term cell viability maintenance, supporting efficient large-scale generation of ESC-derived cardiomyocytes (ESC-DCs) through a chemical-based conditioning bioprocess. In conclusion, we demonstrated the feasibility of using CFD-based tools, as a reliable and cost-effective strategy to assist the design of a 3D cardiogenic bioprocess.
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Accession Number: WOS:000300230600020