From spindle to spherical: Is spherical shape a potential predictor of human mesenchymal stem cells with increased differentiation capability?
Li, J., et al. (2009). "From spindle to spherical: Is spherical shape a potential predictor of human mesenchymal stem cells with increased differentiation capability?." Bioscience Hypotheses 2 6: 407-409
Because human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) can proliferate indefinitely in an undifferentiated state and differentiate into various cell types, hMSCs are expected to be useful for cell replacement therapy. But the clinic application is limited by its differentiation efficiency of hMSCs. It has been proved that cells can be geometrically switched between gene programs for growth, apoptosis and differentiation. Previous studies showed that hMSCs started showing round when exposed to modeled microgravity (MMG), while their differentiation capability seemed enhanced simultaneously. Thus, this article briefly reviews such studies, and hypothesizes that “spherical shape” could be a potential predictor of hMSCs with potentiated differentiation capability.