IMPACT OF OSTEOCLAST PRECURSORS SUBJECTED TO RANDOM POSITIONING MACHINE ON OSTEOBLASTS
Di, S. M., et al. (2012). "IMPACT OF OSTEOCLAST PRECURSORS SUBJECTED TO RANDOM POSITIONING MACHINE ON OSTEOBLASTS." Journal of Mechanics in Medicine and Biology 12 4
Osteoblast-osteoclast interaction plays an important role in the bone remodeling. During long duration space flight, astronauts undergo serious bone loss mainly due to the disruption of equivalence between bone formation and bone resorption. Osteoclast precursors often operate under the control of osteoblasts. However, here we show that the osteoclast precursors could in turn influence osteoblasts. RAW264.7 cells, the murine osteoclast precursors, were treated in the simulated weightlessness produced by a Random Positioning Machine (RPM). After 72 h, conditioned mediums (CM) by the RAW264.7 cells from RPM (RCM) or static control (CCM) were collected and were used to culture osteoblastic-like MC3T3-E1 cells. The results showed that the RCM culture inhibited cell viability and slightly altered cell cycle, but the morphology of the MC3T3-E1 cells was not changed by RCM compared to that of CCM. Furthermore, the intracellular ALP level, NO release and expression of osteoblastic marker genes were all down-regulated by RCM culture. These results suggest that osteoclast precursors subjected to RPM exert negative regulation on osteoblasts.
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DOI: 1250074 10.1142/s0219519412005083
Accession Number: WOS:000310159000027