Leadership issues with multicultural crews on the international space station: lessons learned from Shuttle/Mir
Kanas, N., et al. (2005). "Leadership issues with multicultural crews on the international space station: lessons learned from Shuttle/Mir." Acta Astronaut 56 9-12: 932-6
In isolated and confined environments, two important leadership roles have been identified: the task/instrumental role (which focuses on work goals and operational needs), and the supportive/expressive role (which focuses on morale goals and emotional needs). On the International Space Station, the mission commander should be familiar with both of these aspects of leadership. In previous research involving a 135-day Mir space station simulation in Moscow and a series of on-orbit Mir space station missions during the Shuttle/Mir program, both these leadership roles were studied. In new analyses of the Shuttle/Mir data, we found that for crewmembers, the supportive role of the commander (but not the task role) related positively with crew cohesion. For mission control personnel on the ground, both the task and supportive roles of their leader were related positively to mission control cohesion. The implications of these findings are discussed in terms of leadership on board the International Space Station.
ISSN: 0094-5765 (Print) 0094-5765 (Linking)
Accession Number: 15835051