Trace Chemical and Major Constituents Measurements of the International Space Station Atmosphere by the Vehicle Cabin Atmosphere Monitor
M. R. Darrach, et al. (2012). "Trace Chemical and Major Constituents Measurements of the International Space Station Atmosphere by the Vehicle Cabin Atmosphere Monitor." 42nd International Conference on Environmental Systems
We report on trace gas and major atmospheric constituents results obtained by the Vehicle Cabin Atmosphere Monitor (VCAM) following almost two years of operation aboard the International Space Station (ISS). VCAM is an autonomous environmental monitor based on a highly compact gas chromatograph/quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer. It was flown to the International Space Station (ISS) on shuttle mission STS-131 and commenced operations on June 2010. VCAM is capable of providing measurements of both parts-per-billion (ppb) levels of volatile trace-gas constituents, and of the atmospheric major constituents (nitrogen, oxygen, argon, and carbon dioxide) in a space vehicle or station. It is designed to operate autonomously and maintenance-free, approximately once per day, with a self-contained gas supply sufficient for a one-year lifetime. VCAM's performance is sufficient to detect and identify 90% of the target compounds at their 180-day Spacecraft Maximum Allowable Concentration levels.
DOI: doi:10.2514/6.2012-3432 10.2514/6.2012-3432