Drosophila melanogaster flies of strain D-32 were exposed aboard the Soyuz 10 spaceship. An insert with a nutritional medium and insects was placed in a small on-board thermostat (Biotherm II) providing a constant temperature (24 degrees C +/- 1 degree) for Drosophila development. The frequency of dominant lethals was determined in the females. Dominant, autosomal and sex-linked recessive lethals were estimated in hatching virgin males and females; the time of hatching was rigorously fixed. Sex-linked recessive lethals were related to certain stages of gametogenesis. The 1-5 oocyte stage showed an increased sensitivity to space-flight factors as regards the frequency of both dominant and recessive lethals.