In this study we examined the effect of the specific gravity of culture medium on the frequency of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) maintenance. We used a newly developed high-specific-gravity media. Bone marrow cells were isolated and cultured, and HSC activity was evaluated. The number of hematopoietic progenitor/stem cells was markedly higher in the medium with high specific gravity. In high-specific-gravity media, cells did not precipitate, maintenance of HSCs was increased, and there was a concomitant accumulation of beta-catenin. This novel technique for maintaining HSC populations provides an important new tool for studies in regenerative medicine. (c) 2007 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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